Coenzyme Q10 occurs in the body in two different chemical forms. On the one hand as ubiquinone, on the other hand as ubiquinol. Ubiquinol is the reduced (activated) form of coenzyme Q10. The advantage of ubiquinol in dietary supplements is that it relieves the body of converting ubiquinone to ubiquinol and is better absorbed. With age, the body’s ability to convert ubiquinone to ubiquinol may decrease.
Ubiquinol is the reduced form of ubiquinone. It belongs to the quinone group and is an organic compound. Ubiquinone is important for the respiratory chain. It transfers two hydrogen atoms. Ubiquinol is also known as ubihydroquinone. Ubiquinol is a form of coenzyme Q10. Coenzyme Q10 has three different redox states. It can occur as ubiquinone-10 completely oxidized, as ubisemiquinone or semiquinone partially reduced, or as ubiquinol completely reduced. Ubiquinol can exchange two electrons between ubiquinol and ubiquinone in one cycle in the redox function. This gives rise to ubiquinol’s ability of cellular energy production and antioxidant protection.
As the active form of coenzyme Q10, the body manufactures ubiquinol itself. Coenzyme Q10 was first discovered in the 1950s. Since it is an antioxidant, it supports the body in diseases associated with the aging process. It is important for the production of cellular energy. Coenzyme Q10, as a supplier of energy, is appropriately located in every cell of the human body.
The body produces the molecule ATP in the power plants of the cell at the mitochondria. ATP is responsible for the body’s energy storage. In the inner cell membrane, the production of ATP is supported by ubiquinol. Without a sufficient amount of ATP, the heart would be severely impaired.
But ubiquinol can do more than support the formation of ATP. It is one of the most powerful antioxidants in the human body. It protects the body’s cells from free radical damage and oxidative stress. Ubiquinol helps the body to heal itself.
Ubiquinol also has the very rare ability to help other oxidants regenerate. For example, it not only neutralizes antioxidants, but also helps vitamins C and E to regenerate.
Taking ubiquinol exclusively through food is extremely difficult. The daily requirement is 100 mg. Small amounts of ubiquinol are present in avocados, liver, oysters, cabbage, broccoli, and oranges. The daily requirement of ubiquinol would be met only after eating 868 oranges.
The high energy requirements of strenuous athletic activity enable the generation of free radicals. Since ubiquinol supports energy release and has a positive effect on oxidative stress, taking ubiquinol may show positive changes on the energy balance of athletes. Ubiquinol may have a positive effect on both performance and recovery.
The level of ubiquinol in the body decreases around the age of 40. Taking statins can also cause ubiquinol levels to drop. Statins inhibit the formation of ubiquinol in the liver. This affects the supply of ubiquinol throughout the body.
Healthy people have a blood plasma ubiquinol level of 90% of coenzyme Q10. Oxidative stress reduces the proportion of ubiquinol in coenzyme Q10.
The level of ubiquinol also decreases as a result of previous cardiovascular, liver, pancreatic and neurological diseases.
The production of ubiquinol in the human body is affected by oxidative stress, insufficient dietary intake of coenzyme Q10, increased metabolic demand, deficiency of substances necessary for biosynthesis and conversion to ubiquinol, and age-related changes in genes.
Ubiquinol as a form of coenzyme Q10 has better bioavailability than other forms of coenzyme Q10. The body can absorb it better. Browse through our online store. There you will find the right product for you. For example, we have the products Q10 Strong for you.